Anglo-Saxons & Vikings
Approximated sea-levels and extent of the marshland in the 5th century.
Sea levels were higher during this period in time and consequently low lying areas of Britain were partially or entirely flooded.
There is some conjecture that as well the pressure on the Saxons from eastern invaders, rising water levels on the Germanic coasts also contributed to migration.
The map shown here is a modern map with a raised sea level of approximately 4 meters showing how large areas of Lincolnshire, Norfolk and Cambridgeshire were either permanently flooded or at least marsh land.
The river Nene would have been tidal further inland than it currently is and river levels may have correspondingly been higher. Marked on the map is the location of Great Addington and also the three large Abbeys that were founded in the middle Saxon period and that had significant control and influence over this area. Peterborough was originally founded as a monastery in 655. Both Croyland and Ely were founded on islands. Croyland in about 750 and Ely in 672.
There was also a monastery founded in about 690 in Oundle but that was destroyed in later Viking raids and its precise location is still unknown.
Great Addington Saxon Cinerary Urn: 5th Century: Pottery spout-handled jar of blackened light brown ware; rounded body, neck with rib; incised zigzags; contains burnt bones. Found at Great Addington. Acquired by the British Museum in 1883.
Great Addington Saxon Cinerary Urn 5th Century
Drawing of grave items found at Shooters Hill
Drawings by John Coles who visited the site in 1847.
Shooters Hil Cemetery
Anglo-Saxon Great Addington
Eadda's Place on the Hill
Original Location of the Saxon Village
Location of Anglo-Saxon and early Medieval remains near Great Addington. The large area to the right of the image was the West Cotton Anglo-Saxon/early Medieval settlement. The Shooters Hill Romano-British or Anglo-Saxon cemetery is shown as a circle on Shooters Hill.
Anglo-Saxon / early Medieval trackway running at a right angle to Lower Street. It may have originally linked Great Addington to Ringstead. It is suspected that the original Saxon hall would have been located somewhere in the centre of this image. Home Farm is one of the most likely locations.
The "Heptarchy", seven kingdoms of England between the 5th and 8th centuries.